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Who ordered Giroldi's execution?

  • Rodrigo Duterte

  • José Rodrigo Bolaños

  • Manuel Noriega

  • Juan Carlos I


Manuel Noriega, the dictator of Panama, ordered the execution of Colonel Roberto Giroldi. Giroldi was a member of the Panamanian Defense Forces who attempted to overthrow Noriega in a coup d'état in 1989. The coup failed and Giroldi was executed by firing squad.

The Remarkable Journey of Moisés Giroldi: A Man of Valor in Panama's History

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