Banská Bystrica, a town situated in central Slovakia, has an estimated population of 76,000 and is the sixth most populous municipality in the country. It is located in a valley surrounded by the Low Tatras, Veľká Fatra, and Kremnica Mountains and is built on the site of a former Slavic/Slovakian settlement. The town was established by German settlers during the Middle Ages and is situated on the Hron River.
Banská Bystrica mesto railway station is a smaller station located closer to the city centre, served by trains on the Vrútky-Zvolen line.
Banská Bystrica railway station is a junction between the Vrútky–Zvolen railway, which links Banská Bystrica with Žilina and Bratislava, and the Banská Bystrica–Červená Skala railway, which heads east towards Košice.
Banská Bystrica has bus and train connections to the rest of the country, as well as to many other European cities.
Banská Bystrica became one of the foremost centers of the Protestant Reformation in the Kingdom of Hungary in the 16th century.
Banská Bystrica is divided into four electoral districts, consisting of the following neighborhoods: Banská Bystrica is the capital of one of eight largely autonomous Regions of Slovakia.
Banská Bystrica lies at an altitude of 362 metres (1,188 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 103.37 square kilometres (39.9 sq mi).
According to Slovak archaeologists Banská Bystrica started as a permanent settlement in the 9th century.
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