Tripoli, the capital and largest city of Libya, is situated in the northwest of the country near the edge of the desert, with a population of around 1.1 million people in 2019. It is situated on a rocky point that projects into the Mediterranean Sea, and contains the country's most important port, manufacturing center, and the University of Tripoli. Colonel Gaddafi's former family estate, the huge Bab al-Azizia barracks, is also found in the city, where he largely ruled the country from his residence.
Tripoli is home of the most prominent football clubs in Libya including Al Madina, Al Ahly Tripoli and Al-Ittihad Tripoli.
Tripoli is sometimes referred to as "the de jure capital of Libya" because none of the country's ministries are actually located in the capital.
Tripoli was controlled by Italy until 1943 when the provinces of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica were captured by Allied forces.
The result of the Battle for Tripoli's central airport was its complete destruction with 90% of the facilities incapacitated, or burned down with an unknown estimate Billions of dollars in Damage, with another 10 or so planes destroyed.
Increased traffic has also been recorded in the city's port as well as Libya's main international airport, Tripoli International.
As a District, Tripoli borders the following districts: Tripoli has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSh) with hot and dry, prolonged summers and relatively wet mild winters.
Epic floods in 1945 left Tripoli underwater for several days, but two years later an unprecedented drought caused the loss of thousands of head of cattle.
A 2019 paper published in PLOS One estimated that under Representative Concentration Pathway 4.5, a "moderate" scenario of climate change where global warming reaches ~2.5–3 °C (4.5–5.4 °F) by 2100, the climate of Tripoli in the year 2050 would most closely resemble the current climate of Taiz.
Playing quizzes is free! We send 1 quiz every week to your inbox